90 J Walker 1822


Benjamin Crosby (1768-1815), a Yorkshireman, first produced his Pocket Gazetteer in 1808 without maps. After Crosby’s death his assistants Simpkin and Marshall retained their share when the business passed to Baldwin, Cradock and Joy. They were joined by J Bumpus a member of a well-known booksellers founded in 1816. The gazetteer was reissued in both 1815 and 1818; the latter including two general maps. The 1822 edition, in which county maps were first issued, reused earlier title pages, but the date on all dated maps is 1822.

These small county maps for Crosby’s Complete Pocket Gazetteer1 were engraved by J Walker. Shirley2 writes about the confusing number of J Walkers and his John Walker of Wakefield who produced a map of that area and a large folding map of Great Britain is unlikely as the engraver of these small-scale maps. The maps are certainly different to those produced by J and C Walker, even though a few years later the firm of J and C Walker would become famous for a large number of atlases. It has also been suggested that the cartographer for these miniature maps may have been James Walker of Littlehampton.3 Little is known about J Cox the engraver. Probably James Cox, born c.1790 and with numerous addresses in London and aged "about 50" in the 1841 census.4 The maps appeared again some ten years later when The Family Topographer was published in seven volumes from 1832 to 1843. A Compendious Account of the Western Circuit, which appeared in 1834, was also a topographical work with maps, the Circuit referring to the judicial area of the Courts of Assize.

Whereas the original maps had information on the size of county, inhabitants and parliamentary information, this was erased when the maps were used by Samuel Tymms. The Scale of Miles was also erased: the scale as drawn gave a distance Exeter-Plymouth of fifteen miles!

Size 120 x 75 mm.                                                                                                                                             Scale of Miles (10 = 25 mm).

DEVONSHIRE. Imprint: London. Publish’d May 1st. 1822, by I Bumpus, No 6 Holborn Bars. under map frame (CeOS). Signatures: J. Walker del. (AeOS) and J. Cox sculp. (EeOS). Scale of Miles (Ee). Panel along lower border with statistical notes.

1. 1822  Crosby’s Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales  
    London. Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, Simpkin & Marshall and J Bumpus. 1818 (1822). KB5.
2. 1832 Signatures, imprint, scale-bar and panel containing statistical notes removed. Note added: The figures affixed to the Towns show the distances from London & Exeter (CaOS). New imprint: London. Published Jany. 1st. 1832, by Nichols & Son, 25 Parliament Street. (CeOS). Towns added, eg Painton, Brixham and Comb Martin. (DEI).
    The Family Topographer By Samuel Tymms (usually in Vol. I or Vol II) CCCCXLI
    London. J B Nichols & Son. 1832.  BL, KB.
    A Compendious Account of the Western Circuit  
    London. J B Nichols & Son. 1834. [RRL].
    Camden’s Britannia Epitomized and Continued by Samuel Tymms  
    London. H G Bohn. (1843).    B.


[1] See D Smith; A Previously Unknown Pocket Gazetteer Found; The Map Collector; Issue 29; December 1984; pp.34-35.

[2] R J Shirley; Mapping Great Britain’s Industrial Revolution; in IMCoS JOURNAL; Vol. 7 No. 1; Spring 1987.

[3] David Kingsley; Printed Maps of Sussex; Sussex Record Society; 1982.

[4] See Worms and Baynton-Williams entry in British Map Engravers; 2011. Interestingly they can shed no light on the identity of J Walker indicating an engraver not resident in London.

[5] Kevin Steele reports another copy using the 1815 title page.