89 Henry Mutlow / Daniel Lysons 1822


Thomas Cadell (b.1742) is best known for the work which he produced together with William Davies. Cadell established his publishing business in the Strand in London and was joined by the engraver, Davies, shortly after. Individually they were both successful in their respective works. Cadell established his reputation by publishing Cooks Voyages in 1773, whilst Davies engraved work for Arrowsmith and Kelly. Together Cadell and Davies published several works including maps that had been engraved by Lowry for Arrowsmith, and published them jointly with Longman and Rees.

H Mutlow engraved maps for Cadell and Davies including the map of Devon for Magna Britannia by the Reverend Daniel Lysons and Samuel Lysons. This was planned as an updated improvement on William Camden’s Britannia and was produced in parts beginning with Beds, Berks and Bucks in the first volume dated 1806 with a reprint dated 1813.1

Mutlow also engraved many town plans; including a very attractive map of Exeter copied from Braun and Hogenberg (and thus Hooker) in c.1780. He also engraved some maps, including one of Devon for Marshall (60). One source notes that the firm of T Woodman and H Mutlow took over the business of John Spilsbury, the inventor of jigsaw puzzles about 1771 but Tooley2 only lists I Mutlow, engraver, active from 1794 to 1816. British Map Engravers has Henry Mutlow of Russell Court, Covent Garden as being an engraver and printer who did work for William Tunnicliff (58) and John Haywood (53). He was born 1756 and died 1826 (aged 70) and was buried at St. Paul, Covent Garden.3

The earlier maps from Magna Britannia have an imprint naming both Cadell and Davies but Devonshire names Cadell alone (Davies died in 1819): the earlier maps also have Volume and Page references in the corners, not present on Devon. The volumes on Devon and Cornwall contain birds-eye views of harbours - Devon has views of Dartmouth, Plymouth and Exmouth.

The Magna Britannia proved harder work than the historians planned and, with the death of Samuel in 1819, Daniel was only persuaded to complete Devon before the project was abandoned. In all only six volumes including ten county maps were produced.

Size 345 x 235 mm.                                                                                                                                      British Statute Miles (18 = 56 mm).

DEVONSHIRE. Inset map of Lundy Isle. Imprint: Published Feby. 1st. 1822, by T. Cadell, Strand, London. (CeOS). Signature: Mutlow, sculp. (EeOS). The map is graticuled at full degrees.

1. 1822  Magna Britannia being a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain ...  
    by the Rev. Daniel Lysons ... and Samuel Lysons ... Volume the Sixth containing Devonshire  
     London. T Cadell. 1822.  BL, C, DevA.

[1] David Smith; The Demise of the Nineteenth Century Cartographic Project ; in IMCoS JOURNAL; Issue 53; 1993.

[2] R V Tooley; Dictionary of Mapmakers; Map Collector Publications; 1979.

[3] Laurence Worms and Ashley Baynton-Williams; British Map Engravers; London; Rare Book Society; 2011.