115 W Schmollinger 1836


W Schmollinger (fl.1831-37) engraved a number of maps for Thomas Moule’s English Counties (111); for example, he engraved the map of Sussex and the town plan of Boston. Little is known of Schmollinger outside his work on the Moule maps. He seems to have been a specialist map engraver, at least he is so advertised in an 1837 trade directory. He had premises at 27 Goswell Terrace, Goswell Road, and later in Aldine Chambers, Paternoster Row. He may well have been the son of the Joseph Schmollinger and Mary Drew who married at St Leonard Shoreditch in 1799.1

In 1836 Schmollinger engraved an attractive map of Devon in a similar style to those in Moule’s English Counties. The frame, typical of Moule’s maps (although not Devon) has columns right and left with two different and very ornate stonework patterns between. The map was published by R Colliver of Exeter of whom nothing is as yet known. It has Colliver’s imprint, is dated 1836 and has been inserted into editions of The History of Devonshire from the earliest period to the present by Rev. Thomas Moore. Illustrated by a series of views drawn and engraved by and under the direction of William Deeble.

The History was issued as a part-work and was advertised in other publications.2 The work was published in London by Robert Jennings, 62 Cheapside, and the first issue appeared on September 1, 1829. The first part issue (about fifty numbers were planned) contained the title page, two engravings and twenty-four pages of text which, apart from the extra title page, was the expected format. The two maps, both promised in the initial Mode of Publication printed on each part, were then tipped in when the volumes were bound. The book was usually published in two volumes; the second volume having a town plan of Exeter, also by Schmollinger, and also published by Colliver and similarly inserted.3 The county map is unusual in having vignette views of Tavistock Abbey and County Sessions House, neither of which appear on any other maps of Devon. The former view looks a little bit out of place, almost as if the Reference to Hundreds might have been moved to create space for it.


Size 205 x 270 mm.                                                                                                                                      English Miles (20 = 45 mm).

DEVONSHIRE. Vignettes of Tavistock Abbey and County Sessions House. Imprint: Pub. by R. COLLIVER. EXETER. 1836. (CeOS) and signature: Engraved by W. Schmollinger Paternoster Row London. (AeOS).


1. 1836   The History of Devonshire ... by Rev. Thomas Moore.  
    London. Robert Jennings. 1829 (1836). NDL, FB, KB4.

[1] Laurence Worms; Some British Mapmakers; Ash Rare Books Catalogue and Price List; 1992.

[2] Part XXXIX of Moule’s English Counties (111) contained an advertisement for the various parts of Vol. I of Moore’s work. See Tony Campbell; The Original Monthly Numbers of  Moule’s ‘English Counties’; The Map Collector; Issue 31; June 1985; p.31.

[3] The work was also bound in three parts: parts one and two with the text; volume 3 being the engravings.

[4] The author also has the first six monthly parts.