73 John Cary 1809

 

John Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas first appeared in 1787 (51) but by 1809 the plates had been used so often that new plates needed to be engraved. Although few additions had been made, up to eleven printings may have been carried out using the plates. To identify this later version Oakhampton is spelt with p and there are three direction indicators, The London Road, outside the county eastwards.

The atlas was reissued in 1840 and 1843 (however, both known copies have been lost). In c.1844 G F Cruchley acquired the plates and published lithographs in his atlas, Cruchley’s County Atlas of England & Wales, in six issues from 1863 until 1875 with updating of railway information.

 

Size 210 x 260 mm.                                                                                                                      Statute Miles 691/2 to a Degree (10 = 29 mm).

DEVONSHIRE with signature: By JOHN CARY, Engraver. Imprint: London: Published July 1. 1809 by J. Cary Engraver & Mapseller Strand. (CeOS).

 

1. 1809  Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas   (E), (DEI).
    London. John Cary. 1809. CCLXIV, B, W, RGS.
       
2. 1812 Imprint now dated: July 1. 1812.  
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas  CCLXV
    London. John Cary. 1812. W, C.
       
3. 1812 Imprint now has no date. Grand Western Canal shown.  
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas  
    London. John Cary. 1812. (E1 ).
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas ... corrected to 1818  CCLXVI
    London. John Cary. 1818. RGS, C, W.
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas ... corrected to 1821  CCLXVII
    London. John Cary. 1821.  Cardiff, Ply.
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas ... corrected to 1823  CCLXVIII
    London. John Cary. 1823, 1825, 1826. BL, RGS; W; [Leeds].
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas ... corrected to 1829  
    London. John Cary. 18272, 1829. BL, C, W.
       
4. 1831 New road from Brixton to Plymouth. Plymouth Dock changed to Devonport.  
       
    Cary’s New and Correct English Atlas ... corrected to 1831  
    London. John Cary. 1831. BL, C, (E).
       
5. 1863 Lithographically reproduced with new title: RAILWAY & STATION MAP OF DEVONSHIRE WITH THE NAMES OF THE STATIONS. Imprint: LONDON. PUBLISHED BY G F CRUCHLEY, MAPSELLER & GLOBE MAKER 81, FLEET STREET. Page number 9(EaOS). Scale (Ea). Explanation (Ae). Railways added to Bideford, Plymouth (and into Cornwall), Tavistock, Churston Ferrers, Tiverton, Exmouth. Planned railways to Moreton Hampstead, Crediton to Okehampton, and Tavistock to Launceston. Yeovil and Exeter with spur to Chard.  
       
    Cruchley’s County Atlas of England & Wales  
    London. G F Cruchley. 1863, (1863).   CB; CB.
       
    Cruchley’s Travelling County Atlas of England & Wales  
    London. G F Cruchley. (1863). P.
       
    Cruchley’s County Atlas of England & Wales  
    London. G F Cruchley. 1863, (1864). BL, NLS; B.
       
6. 1868 Title reduced to simply DEVONSHIRE slightly higher than before. No imprint. Scale (Ee). No Explanation. Railways to Beer, Okehampton, Kingswear completed with spur to Brixham, Moreton Hampstead, Launceston completed. Projected to Sidmouth and Budleigh 3, Ashton, Okehampton to Lidford, Sampford Courtenay to Torrington with Holsworthy and Stratton, Taunton to Barnstaple with line to Tiverton from Bampton and extension to Ilfracombe via Bittadon.  
       
    Cruchley’s County Atlas of England & Wales  
    London. G F Cruchley. (1868). BL, RGS, C, NLS.
       
7. 1872 First small section of rail line from Taunton to Barnstaple drawn heavy (i.e. section in Somerset).  
       
    Cruchley’s New Pocket Companion … South-West Division  
    London. G F Cruchley. (1872). BL, C, B.
       
8. 1875 New title: DEVONSHIRE. Imprint: LONDON. PUBLISHED BY G F CRUCHLEY, MAPSELLER & GLOBE MAKER 81, FLEET STREET (CeOS). Line between scale and title. Railways added or completed to Ilfracombe via Braunton, Ashburton, Sidmouth, Taunton to Barnstaple and Exeter to Okehampton and Tavistock complete; with planned railways to Tiverton-Bampton, Torrington to Sampford Courtenay, Ashton, Okehampton to Holsworthy and then to Stratton and past Tamerton, and even a line linking Holsworthy with Sheepwash.  
       
    Cruchley’s County Atlas of England & Wales  
    London. G F Cruchley. 1875. BL, C, NLS, B, KB.
       

[1] An atlas formerly in the possession of P J Morris and now broken. A (photo)copy of the title page was seen by the author.

[2] Chubb lists Cary’s New and Correct ... corrected to 1827 (CCLXIX); no copy has been found.

[3] Cary actually had E(as)t Budley for Budleigh Salterton; Cruchley has E(a)st Buckleigh and the dashed line seems to imply a proposed rail link with Exmouth (not completed until 1st June, 1903).